Raikokes First Eruption in 95 Years Captured by NASA Astronauts

Image credit: NASA Unlike some of its perpetually active neighbors on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Raikoke Volcano on the Kuril Islands rarely erupts. The small, oval-shaped island most recently exploded in 1924 and in 1778. The dormant period ended around 4:00 a.m. local time on June 22, 2019, when a vast plume of ash and volcanic gases shot up from its 700-meter-wide crater. The dramatic event was captured from space by astronauts aboard the International Space Station. In the image above we see the volcanic plume rising in a narrow column and then spreading out in a part of the plume known as the ‘umbrella region’. That is the area where the density of the plume and the surrounding air equalize …

Children at the border: the crisis that America wasn’t prepared for

Despite fears stoked by Trump, fewer migrants are arriving at the border than in past years but most are now children headed to facilities that are ill-equipped to receive them At a border patrol processing facility in McAllen, Texas on 11 June, a group of lawyers and doctors met a 17-year-old girl from Guatemala. She was in a wheelchair and she held her tiny one-month-old daughter, who was swaddled in a gray sweatshirt so dirty it was almost black. The mother said she had an emergency C-section in Mexico at eight months pregnant. She was in so much pain she couldnt stand, she said, yet US Customs and Border Patrol (CBP), the agency in charge of screening and processing migrants, …

G20: world leaders urge Trump and Xi to reach a trade deal or risk global economy

Financial markets fall amid growing fears that talks in Osaka will fail to break logjam Donald Trump and Xi Jinping have been urged to reach a trade deal or risk setting the global economy on a downward path as world leaders gathered in Japan for the G20 summit. Russian president Vladimir Putin, Indian prime minister Narendra Modi and European president Jean-Claude Juncker heaped pressure on the two superpowers on Friday to settle their differences when they meet on the sidelines of the Osaka summit on Saturday. But financial markets fell across Asia on Friday amid growing fears that the talks will fail to break the logjam and see the US president carry out his threat of additional tariffs on Chinese …